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Studies

Timmermans (1997): study EE 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Timmermans, D.
Title:
Correlates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
Source:
No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1008
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 5.6%,   2: 30.7%,   3: 53.7%,   4: 3.1%   (total 93.1%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.58 5.30
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 3.4%,   2: 1.8%,   3: 9.7%,   4: 7.6%,   5: 17%,   6: 15.1%,   7: 16.5%,   8: 18.3%,   9: 6%,   10: 3.6%   (total 99%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.00 5.60
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Remarks:
"+5 High           .5%
+4               4.2%
+3              11.8%
+2              19.6%
+1              23.5%
0               17.0%
-1              11.5%
-2               7.4%
-3               3.5%
-4                .9%
-5 Low            .1%

M = .77     "
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.77 5.80
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Membership of volun-tary organizations Membership of voluntary organizations Tolerance Tolerant attitudes Global health rating Global health self-rating Perceived fate control Inner locus of control Pride in work Current pride in work Satisfaction with job Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with financial situation Satisfaction with financial situation Church-member or not Church-member or not Self-definition as religious Self-definition as religious Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with family-life Current marital status MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS Number of children Number of children Children in the household Children in the household Political concern Political concern Male sex Sexe: male (vs female) Current age Current age (in years) Level of school- education Level of school-education Current Household- composition Current household-composition Current employment status Current employment status Household income Household income