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Studies

Timmermans (1997): study CN 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Timmermans, D.
Title:
Correlates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
Source:
No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.

Investigation

Public
18+aged, general public, China, 1990
Sample
Respondents
N = 1000
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 2.2%,   2: 31.2%,   3: 35.5%,   4: 28%   (total 96.9%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.92 6.40
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Remarks:
"+5 High          4.1%
+4              11.8%
+3              15.5%
+2              16.4%
+1              15.2%
0               12.7%
-1               8.3%
-2               5.8%
-3               4.1%
-4               1.0%
-5 Low            .7%

M = 1.28    "
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.28 6.30
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Membership of volun-tary organizations Membership of voluntary organizations Tolerance Tolerant attitudes Global health rating Global health self-rating Perceived fate control Inner locus of control Pride in work Current pride in work Satisfaction with job Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with financial situation Satisfaction with financial situation Church-member or not Church-member or not Self-definition as religious Self-definition as religious Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with family-life Current marital status MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS Number of children Number of children Children in the household Children in the household Political concern Political concern Male sex Sexe: male (vs female) Current age Current age (in years) Level of school- education Level of school-education Current employment status Current employment status Household income Household income Current socio- economic status Current socio-economic status