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Studies

Steel & Ones (2002): study ZZ 1972

Publication

Author(s):
Steel, P.; Ones, D.S.
Title:
Personality and Happiness: A National Level Analysis.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 83, 767 - 781

Investigation

Public:
Adult general public, 39 nations, 1972-1998
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 40000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
And questionnaires.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on multiple questions:

Equivalent questionnaires about experienced positive and negative affect, such as Bradburn's ABS and Watson's PANAS. The number and wording of the questions varies somewhat across studies and languages.

Scores are transformed linearly to range 0-10
Classification:
A-AB---mq-nt-11-a
Author's label:
Affect
Page in publication:
775
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.29 6.29
SD:
0.61 0.61
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Equivalent questions on life-satisfaction rated on various scales.  The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
Classification:
O-SLV---sq-nt-11-a
Author's label:
Satisfaction
Page in publication:
775
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.36 6.36
SD:
0.62 0.62
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Equivalent questions on happiness rated on various scales.  The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
Classification:
O-HL---sq-nt-11-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
773-774
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.71 6.71
SD:
0.58 0.58
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Equivalent questions on happiness and life-satisfaction rated on various scales.  The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
Classification:
O-Sum---sq-nt-11-a
Author's label:
Overall
Page in publication:
775
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.37 6.37
SD:
0.65 0.65

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Psychoticism Psychoticism in nation Extraversion Extraversion in nation Neuroticism Neuroticism in nation Self-deception Honesty in nation Neuroticism Neuroticism in nation Extraversion Extraversion in nation Openness to Experience Openness in nation Agreeableness Agreableness in nation Conscientiousness Conscientiousness in nation EPQ NATION: PERSONALITY (modal) NEO-PI-R NATION: PERSONALITY (modal)