Stacey & Gatz (1991): study US 1971
- Stacey, C.A.; Gatz, M.J.
- Cross-Sectional Age Differences and Longitudinal Change on the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale.
- Journal of Gerontology, 1991, Vol. 46, 76 - 78
- Three generations of family members, followed 14 years, USA, 1971-85
- N = 1159
- Non Response:
- Attrition T1-T2: 43%
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Overall psychological well-being
- possible range 0-40 (20 added to original in order to eliminate negative values)
T1 (1971): M=21.57 SD=2.04 Ms'=6.65
T2 (1985): M=22.11 Sd=2.17 Ms'=7.11
- Error estimates:
- Reliability: Cronbach alpha ranges between .62 and .73 Validity: `convergent' validity shown in correlations with: - depression (CES-D scale, Radloff 1977) - psycho-somatic symptoms (Derogatis & Spencer 1982)