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Studies

Snyder & Spreitzer (1974): study US Ohio 1973

Publication

Author(s):
Snyder, E.E.; Spreitzer, E.
Title:
Involvement in Sports and Psychological Well-Being.
Source:
International Journal of Sport Psychology, 1974, Vol. 5, 28 - 39

Investigation

Public:
Adults, general public, City of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 1973
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 510
Non Response:
46%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:
  
Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 13%,   2: 62%,   3: 25%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.10 5.60
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Classification:
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 12%,   2: 66%,   3: 22%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.10 5.60

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education Satisfaction from sports Satisfaction with sporting Participation in voluntary associations Attendance to meetings Playing sports Active involvement in sports Watching sports Passive involvement in sports Talking about sports Passive involvement in sports Reading sports page Passive involvement in sports Subscribe/read sports magazines Passive involvement in sports Behavioral involve- ment in sports Passive involvement in sports Knowledge about sports Passive involvement in sports Sports seen as a wayto relax Perceived usefulness of sports Sports seen as a waste of time Perceived usefulness of sports Little satisfaction received from sports Satisfaction with sporting Sports seen as help against worries and pressures of the day Perceived usefulness of sports Affective involve ment in sports Perceived usefulness of sports Occupational prestige Social prestige of occupation