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Studies

Smyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003

Publication

Author(s):
Smyth, R.; Mishra, V.; Qian, X.
Title:
The Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
Source:
Ecological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 8890
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Respondents were interviewed in person in shopping centers

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5  very satisfied
2  satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 2.6%,   2: 13.4%,   3: 41.9%,   4: 39.3%,   5: 2.8%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.26 6.13
SD:
0.82 2.22

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Pollution Environmental quality in region Disaster Local environmental quality
Environmental quality in region
Current disaster
Parks Local nature Congestion Local trafic density Environment awareness Attitude to local natural environment
Attitudes to environmental protection
Specific concerns
Attitudes to geographical conditions in nation
Neighbourhood environment Attitude to local natural environment
Attitudes to environmental protection
Development of local geographic conditions
Gender Sex (male vs female) Age Current age (in years) Education Years schooling Income Current income level (unspecified) Unemployed Current employment status Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states) Pro-market Attitudes to basic political issues Income inequality Attitudes to social inequality in nation
Political concern
Social protection Attitudes to social security National reunification Current attitudes to nation
Attitudes to basic political issues
SARS Political concern
Concerns about health