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Studies

Smits et al. (1995): study NL 1992

Publication

Author(s):
Smits, C.H.; Bosscher, R.J.; Deeg, D.J.
Title:
Well-being and control in older persons: The prediction of well-being from control measures.
Source:
Intenational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1995, Vol. 40, 237 - 251

Investigation

Public:
Elderly, Sassenheim, the Netherlands, 1992
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 119
Non Response:
24,4%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interview and additional questionnaires

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?"
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1  never
2  sometimes
3  often
4  very often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +15

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-g
Author's label:
Well-being
Remarks:
Translation by authors.
Balance score is mean score on all items.
Page in publication:
243
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha = .64
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -15 - 15 On range 0-10
Mean:
27.48
SD:
3.77

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding age Age difference among elderly gender Sex (male vs female) sense of coherence Coherence (sense of) neuroticism Neurotic (f48) mastery Inner locus of control self-efficacy Efficacious, productive internal health control Attitudes to health-maintenance social inadequacy Attitudes to personal contacts