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Studies

Shmotkin & Hadari (1996): study IL 1991

Publication

Author(s):
Shmotkin, D.; Hadari, G.
Title:
An Outlook on Subjective Well-Being in Older Israeli Adults: A Unified Formulation.
Source:
The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1996, Vol. 42, 271 - 289

Investigation

Public:
60+ aged, Israel, 1991
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 830
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
The respondents were interviewed individually or in small groups. They were approached in some dozens of public sites as well as private homes over the country.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things into account, how happy would you say you
are these days.....?
1  not too happy
2  moderately happy
3  very happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-c
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
275
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7  delightful
6  very satisfying
5  satisfying
4  mixed
3  dissatisfying
2  very dissatisfying
1  terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's  `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Classification:
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aa

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Self-Anchoring Scale O-HL by C-BW Delighted-Terrible Scale O-HL by O-DT Hapiness Scale O-DT by C-BW Reconciled Aging Adjustment to old-age inventories
Attitude to ageing (getting older)
Unstrained affect Intensity of affects
Current psycho-somatic complaints
General contentment Adjustment to old-age inventories Present happiness Life compared with earlier situation
Adjustment to old-age inventories
Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified)
Past self fullfillment Life compared with one's wants
Adjustment to old-age inventories
Perceived realization of life-goals