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Studies

Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006a): study US 2001

Publication

Author(s):
Sheldon, K.M.; Lyubomirsky, S.
Title:
Achieving Sustainable Gains in Happiness: Change Your Actions not Your Circumstances.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol.7, 55 - 86

Investigation

Public
Psychology students, USA, followed 12 weeks, 200?
Sample
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents
N = 669
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 25 questions

A  
20-item PANAS
To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life? a nervous
b  distressed
c  afraid
d jittery
e  irritable
f  upset
g  scared
h ashamed
i  guilty
j  hostile
k  excited
l  active
m  determined
n  inspired
o  enthusiastic
p  alert
q  attentive
r  proud
s  strong
t  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Positive affect score PAS: k to t
Negative affect score NAS: a to j

B  
5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
b  The conditions of my life are excellent
c  I am satisfied with my life
d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
      
Answer options:
1   not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  very much

COMPUTATION:
(Mean A: PAS) + (Mean B) - (MEAN A:NAS)
Classification:
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
SWB
Remarks:
Mean computed by averaging happiness assessed at T1, T2 and T3
Page in publication:
68
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -3 - 9 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.01 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding change in wellbeing In recent past Activity change circumstantial change Overall degree of life-change