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Studies

Sheldon & Kasser (1998): study US 1998

Publication

Author(s):
Sheldon, K.M.; Kasser, T.
Title:
Pursuing Personal Goals: Skills Enable Progress, but not all Progress is Benefical.
Source:
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 1998, Vol. 24, 1319 - 1331

Investigation

Public:
Students, USA, 1998
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 154
Non Response:
59%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport of daily mood on 9 questions

'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt today
A  happy
B  depressed, blue
C  joyful
D  pleased
E  frustrated
F  angry, hostile
G  enjoyment, fun
H  worried, anxious
I   unhappy

Answer options:
1  not at all
2  very slight
3  somewhat
4  moderate amount
5  much
6  very much
7 extremely much
Options presented horizontally

Computation: (A+C+D+G)-(B+E+F+H+I)

Name: Diener's 'Daily Mood scale'
Classification:
A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a
Author's label:
short-term well-being
Remarks:
Time 1 (at beginning of semester) M=9.69
Time 2 (12 weeks later)                 M=5.34
Page in publication:
7
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.52
SD:
13.28

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding goal progress Successful (vs failure)
Perceived realization of life-goal set