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Studies

Sheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001

Publication

Author(s):
Sheldon, K.M.; Hoon, T.H.
Title:
The Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592

Investigation

Public:
University students, USA and Singapore, 200?
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 533
Non Response:
6%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
!! USA: web-based, Singapore: paper-an-pencil

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 25 questions:

A  Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
   a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
   b  The conditions of my life are excellent
   c  I am satisfied with my life
   d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
   e  If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
   Answers rated:
   7  strongly agree
   6  agree
   5  slightly agree
   4  neither agree nor disagree
   3  slightly disagree
   2  disagree
   1  strongly disagree
   Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B  Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
   a nervous
   b  distressed
   c  afraid
   d  jittery
   e  irritable
   f  upset
   g  scared
   h  exiled
   i   ashamed
   j   guilty
   k  hostile
   l  active
   m determined
   n  inspired
   o  enthusiastic
   p  alert
   q  attentive
   r  proud
   s  strong
   t  interested
   Answer options:  
   1  very slightly or not at all
   2  a little
   3  moderately
   4  quite a bit
   5  extremely
   Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
Classification:
M-AO---mq-*-124-a
Author's label:
SWB
Page in publication:
573, 574
Error estimates:
α=.89
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%,   25: 0%,   26: 0%,   27: 0%,   28: 0%,   29: 0%,   30: 0%,   31: 0%,   32: 0%,   33: 0%,   34: 0%,   35: 0%,   36: 0%,   37: 0%,   38: 0%,   39: 0%,   40: 0%,   41: 0%,   42: 0%,   43: 0%,   44: 0%,   45: 0%,   46: 0%,   47: 0%,   48: 0%,   49: 0%,   50: 0%,   51: 0%,   52: 0%,   53: 0%,   54: 0%,   55: 0%,   56: 0%,   57: 0%,   58: 0%,   59: 0%,   60: 0%,   61: 0%,   62: 0%,   63: 0%,   64: 0%,   65: 0%,   66: 0%,   67: 0%,   68: 0%,   69: 0%,   70: 0%,   71: 0%,   72: 0%,   73: 0%,   74: 0%,   75: 0%,   76: 0%,   77: 0%,   78: 0%,   79: 0%,   80: 0%,   81: 0%,   82: 0%,   83: 0%,   84: 0%,   85: 0%,   86: 0%,   87: 0%,   88: 0%,   89: 0%,   90: 0%,   91: 0%,   92: 0%,   93: 0%,   94: 0%,   95: 0%,   96: 0%,   97: 0%,   98: 0%,   99: 0%,   100: 0%,   101: 0%,   102: 0%,   103: 0%,   104: 0%,   105: 0%,   106: 0%,   107: 0%,   108: 0%,   109: 0%,   110: 0%,   111: 0%,   112: 0%,   113: 0%,   114: 0%,   115: 0%,   116: 0%,   117: 0%,   118: 0%,   119: 0%,   120: 0%,   121: 0%,   122: 0%,   123: 0%,   124: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 25 - 149 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.74
SD:
1.50

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding cultural membership Current nation of residence Autonomy need satisfaction Inner locus of control
Intrinsically motivated
Coherence (sense of)
Genuine
Independent
Current motivation
Neuroticism Emotional self-concordance Current consistency of self-image
Current motivation
Coherence (sense of)
self-esteem SELF-IMAGE
Self-confidant
Social support Current social support received Inter-level consistency Consistent
Personality integration
Consonance of values
Gender Sex (male vs female) summed determinants Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality competence need satisfaction Self-confidant
Self-perceived ability
Perceived realization of life-goals
relatedness need satisfaction Perceived availability of social support
Perceived quality of intimate ties
Extraversion Extraverted Agreeableness Sociable goal-progress Successful (vs failure) Conscienciousness Conscientious Openness Open possible selves Real-ideal congruence autonomy support Current social support received