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Studies

Sheldon et al. (2010): study US 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Sheldon, K.M.; Abad, N.; Ferguson, Y.L.
Title:
Persistent Pursuit of Need-Satisfying Goals Leads to Increased Happiness: A 6-month Experimental Longitudinal Study.
Source:
Motivation and Emotion, 2010, Vol. 34, 39 - 48

Investigation

Public:
University community members participating in happiness training, USA, 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 180
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web
1st assessment in laboratory, follow-up assessments via the internet

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 25 questions:

A  Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement right now with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
   a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
   b  The conditions of my life are excellent
   c  I am satisfied with my life
   d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
   e  If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
   Answers rated:
   7  strongly agree
   6  agree
   5  slightly agree
   4  neither agree nor disagree
   3  slightly disagree
   2  disagree
   1  strongly disagree
   Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B  Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now in your life:
   a nervous
b  distressed
c  afraid
d jittery
e  irritable
f  upset
g  scared
h ashamed
i  guilty
j  hostile
k  excited
l  active
m  determined
n  inspired
o  enthusiastic
p  alert
q  attentive
r  proud
s  strong
t  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Positive affect score PAS: k to t
Negative affect score NAS: a to j
Watson PANAS, right now version

Summation: (z-score A) + (z-score B:PAS) - (z-score B:NAS)
Classification:
M-AO-c-mq-vt-*-a
Author's label:
Subjective Well-Being
Remarks:
Mean at baseline, all groups together. Theoretical scale range not clear. Minimum observed value = -1.5 and maximum observed value = 8.6
Page in publication:
43
Observed distribution
Frequencies
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - On range 0-10
Mean:
4.78

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Intervention to pursue need-satisfying goals Happiness training Happiness attitude at baseline Current happiness-attitudes
Earlier happiness-attitudes
Hedonic values
Current goal progress Perceived realization of life-goals