print

Studies

Sheldon et al. (2002): study US 2000

Publication

Author(s):
Sheldon, K.M.; Kasser, T.; Smith, K.
Title:
Personal Goals and Psychological Growth: Testing an Intervention to Enhance Goal Lattainment and Personality Integration.
Source:
Journal of Personality, 2002, Vol. 70, 5 - 31

Investigation

Public:
Psychology students participating in a growth training, USA, 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 90
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions:
Lead item not reported

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  excited
I   ashamed
J  guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Rated:
1: not at all
2
3
4
5  
6
7 frequently

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS last week version
Classification:
A-BW-cw-mq-n-7-b
Author's label:
Affect balance
Remarks:
Baseline score. Original scale ranges from -60 to 60. The authors used the average scores for negative affect and positive affect, which makes the range -3 to 3
Page in publication:
13
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -60 - 60 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.65
SD:
1.52

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Goal-training intervention Goal setting training
Support group with professional
Individual counsel
School
On invitation, no pay
Actual changes in happiness
Mono sort
Multiple treatment moments
Organismic Integration Authenticity of goals
Motivation behind life goals
Systemic Integration Organization of life-goals (life-goal set) Midsemester Progress Perceived realization of life-goal set