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Studies

Scollon et al. (2009): study US Texas 2009

Publication

Author(s):
Scollon, C.N.; Caldwell, A.E.; Howard, A.H.; Ito, S.
Title:
The Role of Ideal Affect in the Experience and Memory of Emotions.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 257 -2 69

Investigation

Public:
Students, Texas, USA, 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 83
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
1. Web questionnaire completed at the beginnig of the study 2. Experience sampling: during 7 days participants were asked to answer the questionnaire on a hand held palm pilot at 7 random times a day when signaled by an alarm.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 12 questions asked repeatedly (experience sampling)

How did you feel just before the beeper went off?
A  Happy
B  Joy
C  Sociable
D  Excited
E  Proud
F  Calm
G  Sad
H  Guilty
I   Worried
J  Anxious
K  Irritated
L  Bored

Rated:
1 not at all
:
5 with maximum intensity

Computation: (A+B+C+D+E+F)/6 - (G+H+I+J+K+L)/6
Classification:
A-AB-mi-mqr-n-5-a
Author's label:
On-line emotion
Remarks:
7 day experience sampling with 7 recordings per day.
Average scores over the week were dichtomized in % of the time felt positive (78,0%) and % of the time felt negative (48,6)

ABS=32.4%,  computed by WDH-team from PA-NA, which denotes % of the time more in positive mood
Page in publication:
262
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
32.40 -
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on 12 questions:

… how much one GENERALLY feels ... (full text not reported)
A  Happy
B  Joy
C  Sociable
D  Excited
E  Proud
F  Calm
G  Sad
H  Guilty
I   Worried
J  Anxious
K  Irritated
L  Bored

Rated: 1 never to 7 always

Computation: (A+B+C+D+E+F)/6 - (G+H+I+J+K+L)/6
Classification:
A-AB-g-mq-n-7-a
Author's label:
Global emotion
Remarks:
ABS  computed by WDH-team from PA=4,76 minus NA=3,21.
Page in publication:
262-263
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.51 -
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on 12 questions:

..how  much of the time you remember to have experienced these  moods in the past week (during which respondents participated in experience sampling).
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E  pleasant
F  elated
G  frustrated
H  sad
I   depressed
J  dissatisfied
K  gloomy
L  dejected

Rated: % of the time experienced

Summation: (A+B+C+D+ E+ F) - (G+H+I+J+K+L)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Classification:
A-AB-cw-mq-th%-101-a
Author's label:
Retrospective emotion
Remarks:
Assessed after a week experience sampling using the same questions; one week and two weeks later.

Average scores were dichotomized in % remembered positive mood (48,4) and % remembered negative mood (26,4)

ABS=22.0%,  computed by WDH-team from PA-NA
Page in publication:
263
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha's range from .74 to .87
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -100 - 100 On range 0-10
Mean:
22.00 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Ideal affect Valuation of happiness