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Studies

Schulz et al. (1997): study AT 1992

Publication

Author(s):
Schulz, W.; Hametner, K.; Wroblewski, A.
Title:
Thema Kunst: Zur sozialen und ökonomischen Lage der bildenden Künstler und Künstlerinnen in Österreich. (Socio-Economic Situation of Artists in Austria).
Source:
Falter Verlag, 1997, Vienna, Austria

Investigation

Public:
Artists, Austria, 199?
Sample:
Non-probability sample (unspecified)
Respondents:
N = 1812
Non Response:
388
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 3 questions:

A  When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
    5  very happy
    4  fairly happy
    3  rather happy than unhappy
    2  rather unhappy than happy
    1  very unhappy
    -   DK/NA

B  When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
    5  very satisfied
    4  fairly satisfied
    3  rather satisfied than dissatisfied
    2  rather dissatisfied than satisfied
    1  fairly dissatisfied
    -   DK/NA

C  How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
    5  very high
    4  high
    3  moderate
    2  rather low
    1  very low
    -   DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
Classification:
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-a
Remarks:
   
    low: 42,3%
    middle: 42,4%
    high: 15,3%
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence:Cronbach Alpha=.85
Full text:
Selfreport on six questions:

The following questions are about feelings you may have had or not recently.
Please indicate when you experienced these feelings  for the last time.

A  Carefree moments
B  Feelings of independence and freedom
C  Moments I enjoyed life
D  The feeling I missed happiness in my life  
E  The feeling I must always give in to reach something
F  Feelings of uselessness and monotony

Response options:
5  the last two weeks
4  the last months
3  during the last half year
2  earlier
1  never

Range: 0 - 24
Classification:
A-BS-c-mq-v-5-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Sexe Sex (male vs female) artists vs. non-artists Kind of occupation (profession)
Active participation
Net income Personal income