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Studies

Schulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984

Publication

Author(s):
Schulz, W.; Költringer, R.; Norden, G.; Tüchler, H.
Title:
Lebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
Source:
Report Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria

Investigation

Public:
16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 1776
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 3 questions:

A  When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
    5  very happy
    4  fairly happy
    3  rather happy than unhappy
    2  rather unhappy than happy
    1  very unhappy
    -   DK/NA

B  When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
    5  very satisfied
    4  fairly satisfied
    3  rather satisfied than dissatisfied
    2  rather dissatisfied than satisfied
    1  fairly dissatisfied
    -   DK/NA

C  How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
    5  very high
    4  high
    3  moderate
    2  rather low
    1  very low
    -   DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
Classification:
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Overall quality-of-life
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence: Cronbachs Alpha=.79 Validity:
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 21%,   2: 0%,   3: 49%,   4: 0%,   5: 26%   (total 96%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.05 5.20
SD:
0.70
Full text:
Selfreport on 4 questions:

A  For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
   1  completely failed
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7  completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
   1  completely dissatisfied
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7  completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
   3  a great deal
   2  a fair amount
   1  not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
   1  completely unhappy
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7  completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
Classification:
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-a
Author's label:
Glück (Happiness)
Page in publication:
44
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence: Cronbachs Alpha=.68 Validity:
Observed distribution
Frequencies
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 0 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.03 5.20
SD:
0.80
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

When you consider your life-as-a-whole now, would you say you are …?
5  very happy
4  fairly happy
3  rather happy
2  rather unhappy
1  fairly unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-n
Author's label:
Glück (Happiness)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.9%,   2: 4.5%,   3: 34%,   4: 42.3%,   5: 18.3%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.70 6.80
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5   very satisfied
4   quite satisfied
3   more satisfied than discontented
2   more discontented than satisfied
1   quite dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d
Author's label:
Zufriedenheit (satisfaction)
Remarks:
44,0
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0.9%,   2: 4%,   3: 28%,   4: 44%,   5: 23.1%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.84 7.04
SD:
0.85 1.46
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How well do you feel these days? Is your current well-being....?
0  very low
1
2
3
4  very high
Classification:
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-c
Author's label:
Wohlbefinden (Psychological well-being)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 2.4%,   2: 6.7%,   3: 36.2%,   4: 37.9%,   5: 16.7%   (total 99.9%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.60 6.50

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Male sex Sex (male vs female) Age Current age (in years) Married vs no partner Married state (compared to non-married states) Education Level of school-education Professional status Social prestige of occupation Income Current income level (unspecified) Community size Community size Sociodemographic variables Socio-demographic factors only Satisfaction with physical health Satisfaction with health Married vs never married Married vs never married Married vs divorced Married vs divorced Married vs widowed Married vs widowed Never married vs divorced Vs divorced Widowed Vs divorced Never married vs widowed Vs widowed Material satisfaction Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with selfrealization Satisfaction with self-realization Satisfaction with social involvement Satisfaction with social participation Satisfaction with work (-positive-) Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with work (-negative-) Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with leisure time Satisfaction with leisure Domain satisfactions_A Satisfaction with multiple domains of life Happy parents Happiness of parents Satisfaction with partner Satisfaction with marriage Postmaterial attitude (post)-materialism Achievement orientedupbringing Demanding Education oriented upbringing Demanding Affectionate upbringing Family climate (earlier for adults, current for young) Stability orientation of locus-of-control Inner locus of control Self perceived locus-of-control Inner locus of control Self perceived political orientation Preference for: left vs right wing Frequency of church attendance Participation in church Personal characteristics Socio-demographic + life style + personality Body weight Weight Physical fittness activities Active involvement in sports Healthy eating habits Concern about nutrition Personal weight control Health inspection Alcohol consumption Use of alcohol Smoking habits Use of tobacco Psychosomatic healthproblems Current psycho-somatic complaints Illness Number of health complaints Time for leisure Satisfaction with time for leisure Judgment on family life Satisfaction with family-life Combined effects of partner related correlates_A Current characteristics of spouse Frequency of sex Sexual activity Suffering from jealousy Jealous Combined effects of partner related correlates_B Current characteristics of spouse Frequency of contactwith partner Shared activities Marital loyalty Conjugal fidelity Communication with family Contacts with relatives Having a partner and child Married state (compared to non-married states)
Current parental status
Informal work relations Interaction at work Cooperation with colleagues Satisfaction with colleagues Variety of work Variety of work Selfcontrol in work situation Self-direction at work Hours work Hours work Work conditions (physical) Strain at work (physical) Availability of a car Car Accesibility of leisure time activities Leisure facilities in vinicity Active membership of a club Attendance to meetings Intensity of watching t.v. Tv watching, radio listening Leisure time activity Leisure activity level Contacts with relatives Contacts with relatives Social contacts Current contacts Professional status of the husband 'Objective' socio-economic status
Social status of spouse
Satisfacion Life-stress inventories Personal view on 'relation and sexuality' Satisfaction with sex-life Social-psychologicalfactors Satisfaction with multiple domains of life Partner related factors Current characteristics of spouse Domain satisfactions_B Satisfaction with multiple domains of life General intellectual and cultural development Self-perceived preferences