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Studies

Schimmack et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1997

Publication

Author(s):
Schimmack, U.; Ahadi, S.; Dzokoto, V.; Oishi, S.; Radhakrishnan, P.
Title:
Culture, Personality, and Subjective Well-Being: Integrating Process Models of Life Satisfaction.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 82, 582 - 593

Investigation

Public:
Students in Germany; Japan; Mexico, USA and Teachers in Ghana, 1997
Sample:
Probability cluster sample
Respondents:
N = 651
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A  fear
B  affection
C  anger
D  joy
E  sadness
F  guilt
G  contentment
H  pride

1  never
2  slight amount (rare)
3  some of the time
4  about half the time
5  much of the time
6  almost always
7  always

Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H)

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance
Classification:
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Life satisfaction Valuation of happiness Neuroticism Neurotic Extraversion Extraverted