Ryff (1989): study US 1984
- Ryff, C.D.
- Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
- Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
- Adults, USA, 198?
- Non-probability purposive-quota sample
- N = 321
- Non Response
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Affect Balance Scale
- Page in publication:
Current satisfaction with self
Attitudes to intimates