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Studies

Reinhardt (1968): study US 1967

Publication

Author(s):
Reinhardt, S.
Title:
Characteristics of Moods in Hospitalized and Normally Functioning Women.
Source:
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Colombia University, 1968, USA

Investigation

Public:
Female mental patients and controls, USA, 1967
Sample:
Non-probability purposive-expert sample
Respondents:
N = 20
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary
Each night, during a period of 6-8 weeks, ratings were made of the highest, lowest and most characteristic feelings of the day

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average;  how elated or depressed,  happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9    Very elated and in very high spirits.   Tremendous
      delight and buoyancy
8    Elated and in high spirits
7    Feeling very good and cheerful
6    Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5    Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4    Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3    Depressed and feeling very low.
      Definitely 'blue'
2    Tremendously depressed.
      Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1    Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
      All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name:  Wessman & Ricks'  `Elation - depression scale'
Classification:
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b
Author's label:
Elation-Depression
Page in publication:
40

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding patients vs normals Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
In mental hospital
Involved in schooling or not