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Studies

Rash et al. (2011): study CA 2011

Publication

Author(s):
Rash, J.A.; Matsuba, M.K.; Prkachin, K.M.
Title:
Gratitude and Well-Being: Who Benefits the Most from a Gratitude Intervention?
Source:
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 2011, Vol. 3, 350 - 369

Investigation

Public:
Participants in a 4-week psychological training, Canada, 2011
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 65
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Physiological data were collected using a Dell Optilex GX620 computer system with Biopac physiological recording.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate how often you generally feel this way.
A  upset
B  hostile
C  alert
D  ashamed
E  inspired
F  nervous
G  determined
H  attentive
I   afraid
J   active

Answer options:
1  never
2  
3
4  
5  always


Computation: (C=E+G+H+J)/5 - (A+B+D+F+I)/5

Name: Watson et al's PANAS, International short form I-PANAS-SF
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-n-5-a
Author's label:
Positive and Negative Affect (PANAS)
Page in publication:
357
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha .77-.90
Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now:
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS ('moment' version)
Classification:
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Daily Pos and Neg. Affect (PANAS)
Page in publication:
357
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha .84-.88

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude inducing exercises vs recalling events Gratitude training
Recal of positive events
Exercise
No particular setting, recruitment on interest
Voluntary, unsolicited
Actual changes in happiness
Mono sort
Multiple treatment moments
Course, class, training group