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Studies

Ram (2009): study ZZ 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Ram, R.
Title:
Government Spending and Happiness of the Population: Additional Evidence from Large Cross-Country Samples.
Source:
Public Choice, 2009, Vol. 138, 483 - 490

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 87 nations, 2006
Survey name:
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 4
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 87000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question

Various questions on satisfaction with life as-a-whole, rated on 10 or 11 step numeral scales. 10 step variants stretched to range 0-10
Classification:
O-SLW-*-sq-nt-11-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
484
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.00
SD:
1.30
Full text:
Selfreport on two questions:

A Taking all together, how happy would you say you are?
    4  very happy
    3  quite happy
    2  not very happy
    1 not at all happy
B  All things considered, how satisfied are you with your
    life as-a-whole now?
    10  satisfied
    9
    8
    7
    6
    5
    4
    3
    2
    1  dissatisfied

Computation: (Ax2,5) +B -10

Name: Inglehart's combined score
Classification:
O-Sum-*-mq-*-14-a
Author's label:
Subjective Well-Being, SWB.
Remarks:
Source: Inglehart, 2008; Score = score on 1-10-scale for life satisfaction minus 2,5 x score on 1-4-reversed scale for happiness. Theoretical range is:
-9  to +7,5
(min= 1 minus 2,5 x 4; max = 10 minus 2,5 x 1).
Page in publication:
484-485
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -10 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.60 6.42
SD:
1.70

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Real GDP per capita (in logs) Purchasing power (`real' GNP pc) Government Consumption Size of government in nation
Government consumption in nation