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Studies

Pierce & Clark (1973): study US 1962

Publication

Author(s):
Pierce, R.C.; Clark, M.M.
Title:
Measurement of Morale in the Elderly.
Source:
International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1973, Vol. 4, 83 - 101

Investigation

Public:
60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, San Fransisco, USA, 1962
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 435
Non Response:
62% dropouts after 2 interviews (2 years)
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in life today?
3  lots
2  some
1  almost none
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-m
Author's label:
Happiness
Full text:
Selfreport on single question :

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
1  low
2  both
3  good
Classification:
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-b
Author's label:
Happiness
Full text:
Selfreport on single question :

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your way of life today.......?"
3  very satisfied
2  fairly satisfied
1  not very satisfied
Classification:
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-d
Author's label:
Happiness

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mental illness In mental hospital
Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
Current general mental health