print

Studies

Pesznecker & McNell (1975): study US Washington 1970

Publication

Author(s):
Pesznecker, B.L.; McNell, J.
Title:
Relationship among Health Habits, Social Assets, Psychologic Well-Being, Life Change and Alterations in Health Status.
Source:
Nursing Research, 1975, Vol. 4, 442 - 447

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Renton, Washington, USA, 197?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 536
Non Response:
55%; 185 unattainable, 12 incomplete, 412 refusals.
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"

A  Very lonely or remote from other people
B  Depressed or very unhappy
C  Bored
D  So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E  Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F  On top of the world
G  Particularly excited or interested in something
H  Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0  never
1  sometimes
2  often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range  -10 to +9

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-c
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -10 - 9 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.98 5.70

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Life change Summed life-events: standard weights Alterations in health status Change in physical health