Peil (1984): study SL 1981


Peil, M.
African Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
Social Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384


Adult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
N = 640
Non Response
5% (on some items up to 60%)
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and  marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning  face  and the word 'BAD'
[ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]  Bad, picture of frowning face
(Pictures not reproduced here)
Author's label:
Quality of life
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
4.70 7.70
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Past happiness Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified) Future happiness Expected level of happiness (period unspecified)
Current hope
Satisfaction with entitlement Satisfaction with pay Satisfaction with town Attitudes to local environment Satisfaction with neighbourhood Attitude to neighborhood Satisfaction with house Satisfaction with housing
Build environment
Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with standard of living Satisfaction with income Satisfaction with income Satisfaction with job Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with success Attitudes to social inequality in nation Satisfaction with the development of the nation Satisfaction with economic development in nation Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health Age Current age (in years) Level of education Level of school-education
Vocational education
Arrival in place of residence Time since last move Urban background Rural upbringing
Rural dwelling (vs urban)
Occupational level Current occupation Employment status Current employment arrangement Age at arrival in place of residence Time since last move Attitude towards urban life Attitude to urban life Attitude towards citylife Attitude to urban life Having work Current employment status Size of town Size of urban setting Male sex Sex: male (vs female) Happiness with kin Attitudes to family of relatives
Attitude to urban life
Attitudes to social support received
Attitudes to own social support provided