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Studies

Pavot et al. (1997): study US 1992

Publication

Author(s):
Pavot, W.; Diener, E.; Fujita, F.
Title:
The Relationship between Self-Aspect Congruences Personality and Subjective Well-Being.
Source:
Personality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22, 183 - 191

Investigation

Public:
Undergraduate students, USA, 199?
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 110
Non Response:
4
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
2 sessions, 1 week apart

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10  extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9    very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8    pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7    mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6    slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5    slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4    mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3    pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2    very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1    extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Classification:
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a
Author's label:
subjective well-being
Page in publication:
185

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Self-aspect congruence Real-ideal congruence