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Studies

Parry & Warr (1980): study GB 1975

Publication

Author(s):
Parry, G.; Warr, P.
Title:
The Measurement of Mothers' Work Attitudes.
Source:
Journal of Occupational Psychology. 1980, Vol. 53, 245 - 252

Investigation

Public:
Working class mothers with children under 14, UK, 1975
Sample:
Probability area sample
Respondents:
N = 185
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
After an oral introduction to the investigation and the questionnaire the interviewer left the respondent to complete the questionnaire herself. The interviewers subsequently called back to receive the completed questionnaire.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect
Remarks:
PA-NA = 3,00  -1,97=1,03
Page in publication:
246
Error estimates:
alpha: =.72 (positive affect), .63 (negative affect)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.03

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Employment status Full-time vs part-time
Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Part-time working of house-wives