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Studies

Parks et al. (2012): study US 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Parks, A.C.; Della Porta, M.D.; Pierce, R.S.
Title:
Pursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers.
Source:
Emotion, Advance online publication, 2012, 1 - 15

Investigation

Public:
Users self-help website, USA, 2006-07
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 912
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate how often you feel this way in the present.
A  upset
B  hostile
C  alert
D  ashamed
E  inspired
F  nervous
G  determined
H  attentive
I   afraid
J   active

Answer options:
1  never
2  
3
4  
5  always


Computation: (C=E+G+H+J)/5 - (A+B+D+F+I)/5

Name: Watson et al's PANAS, International short form I-PANAS-SF
Classification:
A-BW-c-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Positive and Negative Affect Scale
Remarks:
Ratio PA-NA, 2.15 to 1.
Page in publication:
3
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -20 - 20 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.15