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Studies

Owens & Patterson (2013): study US 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Owens, R.L.; Patterson, M.M.
Title:
Positive Psychological Interventions for Children: A Comparison of Gratitude and Best Possible Selves Approaches
Source:
The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2013, Vol. 174, 403-428

Investigation

Public:
5-11 aged children participating in a psychological training and controls, USA, 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 62
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 30 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
A   Interested
B   Sad
C   Frightened
D   Alert
E   Excited
F   Ashamed
G   Upset
H   Happy
I    Strong
J   Nervous
K   Guilty
L   Energetic
M   Scared
N   Calm
O   Miserable
P   Jittery
Q   Cheerful
R   Active
S   Proud
T   Afraid
U   Joyful
V   Lonely
W  Mad
X   Fearless
Y   Disgusted
Z   Delighted
AA Blue
AB Daring
AC Gloomy
AD Lively

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): B, C, F, G, J, K, M, O, P, T, V, W, Y, AA, AC
Positive affect score   (PAS):A, D, E, H, I, L, N, Q, R, S, U, X, Z, AB, AD
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS. Adapted for children by Laurent et al. (Version PANAS-C)
Classification:
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-e
Author's label:
PANAS-C
Page in publication:
412

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Positive psychological intervention for children Training for mental growth (positive psychology)
Best possible self exercise
Gratitude training