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Studies

Ouweneel (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1980

Publication

Author(s):
Ouweneel, P.
Title:
Social Security and Well-Being of the Unemployed in 42 Nations.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2002, Vol. 3, 167 - 192

Investigation

Public:
Unemployed adults, 42 nations, 1980-90
Sample:
Mixed samples
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Page in publication:
170
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
170
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Overall happiness
Page in publication:
170

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding State welfare effort Social security in nation 1980-1990 Change social security expenditures Social security in nation Average change in well-being of the unemployed 1980-1990 Social security in nation
Unemployed involuntary
Trend happiness in employment categories
Social security and income level Social security in nation
Current income level (unspecified)
national wealth Gnp per capita (raw)