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Studies

Oswald et al. (2007): study ZZ Europe 2002

Publication

Author(s):
Oswald, F.; Fange, Agneta; Iwarsson, Susanne; Nygren, Carita; Schilling, O.; Sixsmith, Andrew; Sixsmith, Judith; Szeman, Zsuzsa; Tomsone, Signe; Wahl, H.W.
Title:
Relationships Between Housing and Healthy Aging in Very Old Age.
Source:
The Gerontologist, Vol. 47, No. 1, 96 - 107

Investigation

Public:
75-89 aged, living alone in urban districts, five European nations 2002-2004
Survey name:
ENABLE-AGE
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 1918
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are presently with your life?
0  very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
Classification:
O-SLu-c-sq-n-11-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
Average life satisfaction scores of five European countries were calculated.
Sweden:  M=8.5, SD=1.7, Germany:  M=8.5, SD=1.8, UK:  M:=.2, SD=1.8 , Hungary:  M:=.6, SD=2.4, Latvia:  M=5.5, SD=2.0
Page in publication:
100
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.48
SD:
1.92
Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past year?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past year' version)
Classification:
A-BW-cy-mq-v-5-f
Author's label:
Affect-Balance
Remarks:
Affect-Balance computed by WDH team, subtracting average Positive Affect from Negative Affect for each of the five European countries (Sweden, Germany, Uk, Hungary and Latvia). After that, the average ABS score of the countries calculated.
Sweden:   M=1.1, Germany:  M=1.4, UK:  M=1.4,, Hungary:  M=1.3, Latvia:  M=0.6
Page in publication:
101
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.92
SD:
1.82

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Housing Variable Set Current dwelling Nations Current nation of residence