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Studies

Oishi et al. (2007a): study US 2002

Publication

Author(s):
Oishi, S.; Diener, E.; Lucas, R.E.
Title:
The Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
Source:
Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360

Investigation

Public:
Students, University of Illinois, USA, 200?
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 193
Non Response:
Not reported.
Assessment:
Experience sampling

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much  you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW.
A  worry
B  affection
C  anger
D  joy
E  sadness
F  guilt
G  contentment
H  pride

1  not at all
2  
3  
4  
5  
6  
7  extremely intense

Computation: (B+D+G+H) -  (A+C+E+F) / 8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' DRM format
Classification:
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Transformed to 1-5-scale: 1. Unhappy (Feeling negative emotions most of the time, N=8)
2. Slightly happy  (Positive emotions exceed negative emotion by 0-1 point, N=43)
3. Moderately happy  (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions by 1.01-2.00 points, N=75)
4. Happy                      (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions by 2.01-3.00 points. N=42)
5. Very happy              (Positive emotions exceed negative emotions with more than 3 points. N=25)
Page in publication:
350

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Close friends Number of close friends Grade point average School-success Missed class Absenteeism Event Balance Summed life-events: equal weight Conscientiousness Conscientious Gregarious Sociable Self-confidence Self-confidant
Relative superiority
Energy Active
Vigorous
Zestful
Time dating Socializing