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Studies

Oh et al. (2014): study US Michigan 2014

Publication

Author(s):
Oh, H.J.; LaRose, R.; Ozkaya, E.
Title:
How Does Online Social Networking Enhance Life Satisfaction? The Relationships among Online Supportive Interaction, Affect, Perceived Social Support, Sense of Community, and Life Satisfaction
Source:
Computers in Human Behavior, 2014, Vol. 30, 69 - 78

Investigation

Public:
Internet users, Michigan, USA, 2014
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability snowball sample
Respondents:
N = 339
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary
Respondents were given a diary survey booklet and asked to record their first session of SNS use each evening over a 5-day period(Sunday-Thursday). The title page of the booklet included a brief introduction about the study including the purpose of the survey and general instructions for keeping the diary. The second page then contained questions about participants’ general SNS use and detailed instructions on how to respond to the questions about their SNS use and feelings after their SNS session on each day.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on four questions:

Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
7  strongly agree
6  agree
5  slightly agree
4  neither agree nor disagree
3  slightly disagree
2  disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
Classification:
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
73
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 4 - 28 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.22 7.03
SD:
1.02 1.70
Full text:
Self report on single question:

So far, I have achieved the most important things I want in life.
1  strongly disagree
2  disagree
3  slightly disagree
4  neither agree, nor disagree
5  slightly agree
6  agree
7  strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
Classification:
C-RA-h-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
73
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.20 7.00
SD:
1.31 2.18
Full text:
Self report on single question:

In most ways my life is close to ideal
1  strongly disagree
2  disagree
3  slightly disagree
4  neither agree, nor disagree
5  slightly agree
6  agree
7  strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
Classification:
C-CI-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
73
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.03 6.72
SD:
1.17 1.95
Full text:
Self report on single question:

The conditions of my life are excellent
1  strongly disagree
2  disagree
3  slightly disagree
4  neither agree, nor disagree
5  slightly agree
6  agree
7  strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)
Classification:
O-SLC-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
73
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.16 6.93
SD:
1.23 2.05

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Total number of social media friends Internet, social media
Social media
Online friends
Number of intimate social media friends Total number of intimate ties
Internet, social media
Social media
Number of 'friends' on social media
Contact on social media
Frequency of social media use Social media
Time on internet
Time spend on internet
Contact on social media
Supportive interaction social media: weekly average Amount of current support received
Amount of support provided
Internet, social media
Social media
Perceived social support in e-network
Positive and negative affect O-SL by A-AB Appraisal support on social media Total number of intimate ties
Current social support received
Social media
Perceived social support in e-network
Companionship on social media Popularity in community
Perceived reciprocity
Perceived social support in e-network
Esteem support on social media Current satisfaction with self
Popularity in community
Social competences
Perceived esteem by friends
Perceived reputation among e-friends
Sense of community on social media Attitudes to friendship
Perceived quality of intimate ties
Social media
Perceived inclusion in e-friendship network