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Studies

Nyklícek & Kuijpers (2008): study NL 2005

Publication

Author(s):
Nyklícek, I.; Kuijpers, K.F.
Title:
Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Intervention on Psychological Well-being and Quality of Life: Is Increased Mindfulness Indeed the Mechanism?
Source:
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2008, Vol. 35, 331- 340

Investigation

Public:
Distressed adults, the Netherlands, 2005
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 57
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
At baseline, before the intervention, all participants completed all questionnaires at their homes. After randomization into the intervention and the waiting-list control group, the intervention group started the MBSR training at a meditation center in Tilburg. The current intervention completely followed the standard MBSR protocol as developed by Kabat-Zinn [1]. The training consisted of eight weekly group (15 persons) sessions with a duration of 150 min. In the sixth week, an additional session of practice in silence with a duration of 6 h was included. The intervention consisted of three primary components: (1) theoretical material related to relaxation, meditation, and body/mind connections; (2) experiential practice of meditation and yoga both during group meetings and at home on a daily basis, and (3) a group process focused on problem solving related to impediments to effective practice, day-today applications of mindfulness, and supportive interaction. In addition, a booklet was provided containing information relevant to each week’s instruction. Participants were instructed to practice daily for at least 40 min.After 8 weeks at the end of the training, both participants in the MBSR group and those in the waiting-list control group were asked again to complete the questionnaire set assessing mindfulness, psychological well-being, and quality of life (follow-up). Hereafter, the control group also received the MBSR training.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 20 items

Below are a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Please read each item
carefully and then circle the appropriate number next to that word. Indicate to what extent you have
felt this way lately. Please use the following scale to record your answers

0= NOT AT ALL
1= A LITTLE BIT
2= MODERATELY
3= QUITE A BIT
4=EXTREMELY

a. Wearied
b. Active
c. Worn out
d. Dynamic
e. Bright
f. Helpless
g. Hard-working
h. Feeble
i. Lively
j. Physically weak
k. Listless
l. Tired
m. Enterprising
n. Relaxed
o. Insecure
p. Sociable
q. Cheerful
r. Fatigued
s. Weakened
t. Self-confident

COMPUTE (b+d+e+g+i+m+n+p+q+t) - (a+c+f+h+j+k+l+o+r+s)

Global Mood Scale (GMS)
Scale range -40 to + 40
Classification:
A-AB-cw-mq-v-5-e
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Remarks:
ABS computed by WDH-team from unweighed averages of experimental and control group at T1 and T2.
Page in publication:
332-333
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
-1.57

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Meditation, mindfullness
Meditating,praying
Actual changes in happiness
Biblio therapy
Mixed educational methods
Course, class, training group
Support group with professional
Coping with stress
Current meditation