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Studies

Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973

Publication

Author(s):
Noelle-Neumann, E.
Title:
Politik und Gl├╝ck. (Politics and Happiness).
Source:
Baier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262

Investigation

Public:
16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Survey name:
DE-Allensbacher Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1041
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A   So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B   Proud, because someone had complimented you
C   Very lonely or remote  from people?
D   Pleased about having accomplished something
E   Bored
F   On top of the world?
G   Depressed
H   That things were going your way?
I    Upset because someone criticized you?
J   Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes  = 1
- no  =  0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed  scores on  B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed  scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'  (adapted version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological wellbeing
Remarks:
3) More positive answers 48%, (2) balance zero 20% , (1) more negative answers: 32%
Full text:
Interviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects

A  The look is
     2)  open
     1)  evasive
     -    impossible to say
B  The corners of the mouth turn
     2)  up
     1)  down  
     -    impossible to say
C  The posture is
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  rather tense
     -    impossible to say
D  The movements are
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  limited, withdrawn
     -    impossible to say
E   The eyes are
     2)  big, open
     1)  small, screw up
     -    impossible to say
F   The elbows are kept
     2)  not close to the body
     1)  close to the body
     -    impossible to say
G   The lips are more
      2)  broad, full
      1)  thin, pent up
      -    impossible to say
H   All in all the subject looks
      2) quite cheerful
      1)  not very cheerful
      -    difficult to say

Scoring: sum of aspect ratings

Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Classification:
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-a
Author's label:
Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Laughing Writing firmness Cheerful appearance A-AB by A-CA
Rating of happiness by interviewer