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Studies

Nikolova & Graham (2014a): study ZZ Western nations 2009

Publication

Author(s):
Nikolova, M.; Graham, C.
Title:
Employment, Late-life Work, Retirement, and Well-being in Europe and the United States.
Source:
IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2014, Vol. 5, 1 - 30

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged general public, 10 western nations, 2009-2012
Survey name:
INT-Gallup World Poll combined waves
Sample:
Probability area sample
Respondents:
N = 84115
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
face to face interview in Turkey and Greece, other contries conducted via landline or cellular phone.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ]
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                                                
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and  where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Classification:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's label:
Best Possible Life (BPL)
Remarks:
Frequencies not reported in the paper.
The confidence interval is automatically generated by WDH.
N=86,673
Page in publication:
14
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.61 -
SD:
1.98 -
Full text:
Self report on 7 questions

Did you experience the following feelings during A LOT OF THE DAY yesterday? How about..
A  enjoyment?
B  worry
C  sadness
D  anger
E  depression
F  happiness

Now please think about YESTERDAY, from the morning until the end of the day. Think of where you were, what you were doing and how you felt.
G   Did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday?

Rated:
1  yes
0 no
-  no answer, don't know

Computation:
- Average % positive affect = (A+F+G)/3
- Average % negative affect = (B+C+D+E)/4
- Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect
Classification:
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-j
Author's label:
Experienced happiness yesterday
Remarks:
Frequencies not reported in the paper.
The confidence interval is automatically generated by WDH.
N=85,265
Page in publication:
14
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -100 - 100 On range 0-10
Mean:
0.81 -
SD:
0.40 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Self-employed Self employed Voluntarily part-time Full-time vs part-time
Voluntary part-time work
Unemployed Unemployed involuntary
Looking for work
Involuntarily part-time Full-time vs part-time
Involuntary part-time
Out of the labor force Not in labor force Age Current age (in years) Gender Sexe: male (vs female) Marital staus Married vs all unmarried Education Level of school-education Household income Household income Urban area Rural dwelling (vs urban) Child in household Children in the household Household size Number of persons in household Religion important Concern about religion Comparative nations Current nation of residence Employed full-time Full-time vs part-time Retired Current status: retired or not
Full retirement (vs partial)
Self employed
Voluntary part-time work