print

Studies

Nabi et al. (2008): study GB London 1985

Publication

Author(s):
Nabi, H.; De Vogli, R.; Kivimaki, M.
Title:
Positive and Negative Affect and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Whitehall 11 Prospective Cohort Study.
Source:
British Medical Journal, 2008, Vol. 337, 32 - 36

Investigation

Public:
Employees of a firm, age 35-55, London, United Kingdom, 1985-1990
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 10308
Non Response:
27%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Clinical information and a self-administered questionnaire. Phase 1: 1985-88 Phase 2: 1989-90 Phase 7: 2003-04

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 11 questions:

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel.....?"
A  angry
B  bored
C  could not get going
D  depressed
E  lonely
F  too busy
G  uneasy
H  excited
I   on top of the world
J   pleased
K  proud

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on H, I, J, K
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores A, B, C, D, E, F, G
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range:  -7 to +5

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect
Remarks:
75% of the participants filled in ABS-questions at phase 1. Where phase 1 data were missing, PA- and NA-scores were used at phase 2. Replacement percentage was 15,0% for Positive Affect And 14,3 % for Negative Affect.
Page in publication:
2
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -7 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
18.29
SD:
4.19

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Gender Sex (male vs female) Employment grade Current socio-economic status Ethnicity Ethnic status in the UK Hypertension Hypertensive diseases (i10-15) Smoking status Use of tobacco Alcohol Use of alcohol Exercise Sporting
Current sporting
Daily fruit and vegetables What one eats
Healthy eating
Body mass index Body Mass Index (BMI) Diabetes Diabetes (e10-14) Job strain Strain at work (physical) Blood cholesterol Symptoms of bad health
Blood-pressure
Hazard of coronory heart disease Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99)