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Studies

Mutran & Reitzes (1981): study US 1974

Publication

Author(s):
Mutran, E.; Reitzes, D.C.
Title:
Retirement, Identity and Well-Being: Realignment of Role Relationships.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1981, Vol. 36, 733 - 740

Investigation

Public:
55+ aged males, USA, 1974
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 1055
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
well-being
Page in publication:
736
Error estimates:
reliability..60
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.96 6.96
SD:
2.09 -
Full text:
Self report on feeling during three randomly selected activities that had occurred during the day

.. Felt happy … (full text not reported)
0 not at all happy
1
2
3
4
5
6  very happy

Kind of rating scale not reported
Classification:
A-AA-md-mqr-?-7-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Age difference among elderly Occupation Social prestige of occupation Health Global health rating Retired Current status: retired or not Married Married state (compared to non-married states) Income Household income Education Years schooling Community activities Visiting friends Visits to friends Identity Current positive mental health
Current self-characterization
Current competences
Summed effect Socio-demographic + health + personality + social ties