print

Studies

Munzel et al. (2018): study US 2014

Publication

Author(s):
Munzel, A.; Galan, J.P.; Meyer-Waarden, L.
Title:
The Social Side of Sustainability: Well-being as a Driver and an Outcome of Social Relationships and Interactions on Social Networking Sites
Source:
Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 2018, Vol. 130, 14 - 27

Investigation

Public:
Facebook users, USA, 2014
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 678
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 23 questions:

A  Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement right now with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
   a  In most ways my life is close to ideal
   b  The conditions of my life are excellent
   c  I am satisfied with my life
   d  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
   e  If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
   Answers rated:
   7  strongly agree
   6  agree
   5  slightly agree
   4  neither agree nor disagree
   3  slightly disagree
   2  disagree
   1  strongly disagree
   Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
   
B  Indicate to what extend you feel this way ...
   a nervous
   b  distressed
   c  afraid
   d  jittery
   e  irritable
   f  upset
   g  scared
   h   ashamed
   i   guilty
   j  hostile
   k active
   l  determined
   m  inspired
   n  attentive
   o  proud
   p  strong
   q  interested
   
   Rated:  
   1  very slightly or not at all
   2  a little
   3  moderately
   4  quite a bit
   5  extremely
  Name: Watson's PANAS. Time frame not reported
  Items "enthusiastic" and "alert" removed from original 20  item scale

Positive affect score PAS: k to t
Negative affect score NAS: a to j

Summation: (z-score A) + (z-score B:PAS) - (z-score B:NAS)
Classification:
M-AO-?-mq-vt-*-b
Author's label:
Overall subjective well-being
Full text:
Selfreport on 18 questions:

Lead item not reported.
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  excited
I   ashamed
J  guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  attentive
P  proud
Q  strong
R  interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to R
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Items "alert" and "enthusiastic" removed
Classification:
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-d
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect
Remarks:
ABS computed by WDH-team

Probable scale range -8,4 to +6,0 ?
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -42 - 30 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.94