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Studies

Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Muffels, R.; Dingemans, E.; Skugar, D.
Title:
Money Does not Buy much Happiness, but what have Income Inequality, Modernization and Personal values got to do with It?
Source:
Tilburg University REFLECT Research Paper, 2012, No.1, Tilburg, The Netherlands

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
Subjective wellebing (SWB)
Page in publication:
7, 26
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.97 6.63
SD:
2.32 2.58

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Log Household Income Household income
Average income in nation
Income Inequality (GINI) Income inequality in nation Social Value Index Score Social values Modernization Values Index Score Modern value pattern Log GDP/capita Gnp per capita (raw) Log Relative Household Income Relative to income of compatriots Low Income level Relative to income of compatriots
`objective` poverty
Subjective poverty
Household income
Opinion altruism (0-1) Trust in people Index Importance family and children Social values
Concern about family
Attitudes to family of procreation
Index Trust in people/institutions Current trust Index Importance friends Attitudes to friendship Post- materialism Post-materialic values Index leisure values Concern about leisure
Leisure values
Index of intrinsic work orientation Reasons for working
Intrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Index of extrinsic work orientations Reasons for working Work values Work values
Current motivation to work
Index religious values Concern about religion
Religiosity (degree)
Index traditional gender values Gender attitudes
Gender-role attitudes
Modern value pattern
Egalitarian values
Attitudes to family of procreation
Attitudes to parenting
Education Level of school-education Marital status: partnered Married vs separated
Married vs divorced
Married vs widowed
Married vs never married
Number of children Number of children Death of a child event Death of children Religion Current religious denomination Church Attendence Participation in church Social Participation Membership of voluntary organizations Human Development (HDI) Modernity of nation Explained variance Summed effects of societal and individual conditions