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Studies

Moriwaki (1974): study US 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Moriwaki, S.Y.
Title:
The Affect Balance Scale: A Validity Study with Aged Samples.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 73 - 78

Investigation

Public:
60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, Los Angeles, USA, 1971
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 27
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"Looking at your present life situation, have you felt....?"
(yes/no)
A   Particularly excited, or interested in something?
B   So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something   
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from people?
E    Pleased about having accomplished something?
F    Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed?
I     That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?  

Response options scoring
- yes = 1
- no  = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores B,D,F,H,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's ' Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-c-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.
Error estimates:
Equivalence (data from sample 2): positive affects score x negative affect score: r = -.32 (ns)
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:
  
Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mental health In ambulatory treatment
Current general mental health
Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
Affect balance O-HL by A-AB