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Studies

Molnar (1985): study US 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Molnar, J.J.
Title:
Determinants of Subjective Well-Being among Farm Operators.
Source:
Rural Sociology, 1985, Vol. 50, 141 - 162

Investigation

Public:
Farm operators, Alabama, USA, 1981
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 705
Non Response:
29,9%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have


  Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
Classification:
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-a
Author's label:
Subjective well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 9 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.40 5.40
SD:
1.95

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Expected well-being in five years In the near future (up to 5 years) Gross farm sales Size of farm Land operated Size of farm Percent farm income Time spend to farming Total family income Household income Off-farm workdays Time spend to farming Wife's work status Current employment status
Full-time vs part-time
Time spend to farming
Combined off-farm employment status Multiple jobs
Time spend to farming
Growth plans Economic success of farm Economic constraints Economic success of farm Self-definition as a farm operator Concern about farming
Self-perceived social identity
Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education Farm structure and individual characteristics Current characteristics of the farm
Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Commitment to farming Concern about farming
Attitudes to current occupation