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Studies

Milman (1998): study US 1993

Publication

Author(s):
Milman, A.
Title:
The Impact of Tourism and Travel Experience on Senior Travelers' Psychological Well-Being.
Source:
Journal of Travel Research, 1998, Vol. 37. 166 - 170

Investigation

Public:
50+ aged, before and after holiday trip, USA 199?
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 124
Non Response:
59%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Filled out on the first and the last day of trip.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

We would like to ask you some questions about how things have been going. Please answer 'yes' if a statement is true for you and 'no' if it does not apply to you. In the past months have you been feeling
A  On top of the world?
B  In high spirits
C  Particular content with your life?
D  Lucky?
E  Bored?
F  Very lonely or remote from other people?
G  Depressed or very unhappy?
H  Flustered because you didn't know what was expected  of you?
I  Bitter about the way your life has turned out?
J Generally satisfied with the way your life has turned out?

Scoring:
2  = yes
1 = don't know
0 = no

Computation: (A+B+C+D+J) - (E+F+G+H+I) + 10
MUNSH Affect Balance Scale
Classification:
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect
Remarks:
T1: PA = 1,46, NA = 0,11, ABS = 1,35
T2: PA = 1,45, NA = 0,12, ABS = 1,33
Values computed by WDH team
Page in publication:
167
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 20 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.45
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

I am satisfied with my life today
0  no
1  don't know
2  yes

Item in Munsh Happiness inventory
Classification:
O-SLu-md-sq-v-2-b
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 2 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.86

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Before/after trip Earlier travel
Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
Traveling