print

Studies

Miller et al. (1991): study US 1956

Publication

Author(s):
Miller, M.L.; Dempster-McClain, D.; Moen, P.
Title:
Motherhood, Multiple Roles, and Maternal Well-Being: Women of the 1950 s.
Source:
Gender and Society, 1991, Vol. 5, 565 - 582

Investigation

Public:
White married mothers with children under age 13, USA 1956
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 356
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
and questionnaire.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 3 questions:

A
How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?
1  often
2  sometimes
3  hardly ever

B
All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?
1  almost none
2  some
3  a good deal

C
On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?
1  not very satisfied
2  fairly satisfied
3  very satisfied

Summation: A+B+C/3
Classification:
M-CO---mq-v-3-a
Author's label:
general life satisfaction
Page in publication:
568
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha: .62
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.69
SD:
0.36

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education Social integration Current number of roles
Work roles
Current organizational participation
Current contacts
Current total social participation
Employment Full-time vs part-time
Full-time home maker
Oneself-mother: works (vs not)
Social class Current socio-economic status Life-cycle stage Age of children Number of children Number of children Maternal inadequacy Attitudes to one's own children
Attitudes to parenting
maternal detachment Attitudes to parenting maternal discontent Attitudes to one's own children
Evaluation of oneself as a parent
Satisfaction with time-use