Michalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999


Michalos, A.C.; Hemingway, D.; Hubley, A.M.; Zumbo, B.D.
Health and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
Social Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274


55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
Non-probability accidental sample
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7  completely satisfied
6  quite satisfied
5  somewhat satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  somewhat dissatisfied
2  quite dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Author's label:
Overall quality of life
Page in publication:
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1  very unhappy
2  somewhat unhappy
3  a little unhappy
4  evenly balanced
5  a little happy
6  somewhat happy
7  very happy
Author's label:
Overall happiness
Page in publication:

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mental Health Scores on symptom inventories
Hedonic tone in affect
Vitality Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Self rating of current positive mental health
General Health Self-perceived health Social Functioning Scores on symptom inventories
Degree of restriction
Physical Functioning limitations Restrictions to physical functioning Social Support Index Current intimate relationships
Sources of current support
Personal Fair Treatment Index Personal experience of ethnic discrimination
Trust in local society
Crime related worries Perceived safety in vicinity
Perceived chance of becoming victim
Specific worries
Physical age identity: looking old Attitudes to one's own age
Age identification
Difficulties with housing costs Worrying about money
Current problems
Concern about spending
Cost of housing
Personal worries Attitudes to one's own age
Inner locus of control
Current worries
Self perceived recognition
% income spent on housing costs `objective` poverty
Cost of housing
Expenditures on: Housing
Living area Attitudes to local environment
Attitudes to residential mobility
Retaill store access Satisfaction with amenities in vicinity
Attitudes to consumption
Build environment
Ideal age preference Satisfaction with age Social age identity Age identification Government planning Attitudes to local political issues Worries/getting around Satisfaction with amenities in vicinity
Specific worries
Build environment
Friendships Satisfaction with friends Self-esteem Satisfaction with self Present age Satisfaction with age Accomplishing in life now Satisfaction with goal-achievement Health Satisfaction with health Family relations Satisfaction with family of relatives
Satisfaction with close adult relatives
Neighbourhood Satisfaction with neighborhood Local government officials Attitudes to local government Religion/spiritual fulfillment Satisfaction with religion Opportunities to socialize Satisfaction with social participation Recreational opportunities Satisfaction with local recreation
Build environment