print

Studies

Michalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985

Publication

Author(s):
Michalos, A.C.
Title:
Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413

Investigation

Public:
Students undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 700
Non Response:
18%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7  delightful
6  very satisfying
5  satisfying
4  mixed
3  dissatisfying
2  very dissatisfying
1  terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's  `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Classification:
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aa
Author's label:
Satisfaction with life as a whole
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.00 6.70
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1  very unhappy
2
|   unhappy
3
4  an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
|  happy
6
7  very happy
no opinion
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.00 6.70

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with health Satisfaction with financial security Satisfaction with financial security Satisfaction with family relations Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with paid employment Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with friendships Satisfaction with friends Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with housing Satisfaction with recreation activity Satisfaction with leisure activities Satisfaction with religion Satisfaction with religion Self esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Satisfaction with education Satisfaction with education Joint satisfaction Satisfaction with multiple domains of life Life compared with wants Single-standard comparisons Life compared with that of others Life compared with situation of others Life comparted to that deserved Life compared with standard of fairness Life compared to best previous experience Life compared with earlier situation Social support Current contacts Work status Hours work Joint effect Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Life-appraisals + personality + social ties