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Studies

Martinez-Marti et al. (2010): study ES Madrid 2007

Publication

Author(s):
Martinez-Marti, M.L.; Avia, M.D.; Hernández-Lloreda, M.J.
Title:
The Effects of Counting Blessings on Subjective Well-Being: A Gratitude Intervention in a Spanish Sample.
Source:
The Spanish Journal of Psychology 2010, Vol. 13, 886 - 896

Investigation

Public:
Students, participants in a gratitude training, Madrid, Spain, 2007
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 105
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: gratitude, hassles and any event. They were told that they were going to take part in a study regarding mood. They filled out 15 daily reports, the first one were baseline measures, the other 14 daily measuring their gratitude state, positive and negative affect, physical well-being, sleep quality and appraisals of subjective well-being. At the end of the intervention all the daily measures were taken again, together with measures of gratitude trait, quality of relationshipo with 1 significant person, and sensitivity to the others' needs. 15 days after, they filled out measures of all the variables again, and the significant persons (close relation) estimated the gratitude, well-being and sensitivity to others of the participants. 3 time levels: Pre-test (before the intervention), post-test (directly after the intervention) and a follow-up (2 weeks after the intervention).

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole today?
-3  terrible
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3 delighted
Labels of medium reesponse options not reported
Classification:
O-SLW-md-sq-v-7-a
Author's label:
Subjective well-being
Page in publication:
889
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.00

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude writing intervention Count blessings/curses
Gratitude training
Exercise
On invitation, payed in money or study credit
School
Thankfull
Actual changes in happiness
Multiple treatment moments
Mono sort