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Studies

Lü et al. (2013): study CN 2009

Publication

Author(s):
Lü, W.; Liu, Y.; Wang, Z.H.
Title:
A Pilot Study on Changes of Cardiac Vagal Tone in Individuals with Low Trait Positive Affect: The Effect of Positive Psychotherapy
Source:
International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2013, Vol. 88, 213-217

Investigation

Public:
Students low in positive affect, China, 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 34
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in general?:

A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS (in general version)
Classification:
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-b
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect schedule
Remarks:
Mean score at baseline, whole sample
Page in publication:
214
Error estimates:
Cronbach's alpha PA = 0,85 Cronbach's alpha NA = 0,83
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
8.12 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Positive Psychotherapy Protocol Trainings for multiple mental skills
Course, class, training group
School
On invitation, no pay
Multiple sorts