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Studies

Lowenthal & Boler (1965): study US 1962

Publication

Author(s):
Lowenthal, M.F.; Boler, D.
Title:
Voluntary vs. Involuntary Social Withdrawal.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1965, Vol. 20, 363 - 371

Investigation

Public:
60+aged, San Francisco, USA, 1962
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 269
Non Response:
55%, 22% refusals, 9% deaths, 22% unattainable
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
using open questions during 3 days

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All in all, how much happiness do you find in life today....?
1  almost none
2  some but not very much
3  a good deal
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bc
Author's label:
Morale
Remarks:
6,8% none
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your way of life today? Would you say you are........?
4  very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
2  not very satisfied
1  not at all satisfied
Classification:
O-SLL-c-sq-v-4-c
Author's label:
Morale
Remarks:
24% not very happy
Page in publication:
367
Full text:
Selfreport on single question :

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
1  low
2  both
3  good
Classification:
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-b
Author's label:
Morale
Remarks:
9,1% sometimes or usually low
Page in publication:
367

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Deprivation Summed life-events: equal weight
Current resources
Socio-demographic + health
Social withdrawal Change in total social participation