Leyden et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2007


Leyden, K.M.; Goldberg, A.; Michelbach, P
Understanding the Pursuit of Happiness in Ten Major Cities.
Urban Affairs Review, 2011, Vol. 47, 861 - 888


general public, 10 major international metropolitan cities 2007
Survey name
Unnamed study
Probability simple random sample
N = 10000
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)
the survey was carried out by Gallup Organization.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Lead item not reported.
5  very happy
4  happy
3  neutral
2. unhappy
1  very unhappy
Author's label:
Page in publication:

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Income Household income Health Global health self-rating Feel connected to the people Satisfaction with social contacts in vicinity Volunteer opportunities Opportunities for volunteering in vicinity Job opportunities Job opportunities in vicinity Good quality healthcare Health care in vicinity
Build environment
Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states) Good performance of government Attitudes to local government Trust the government Attitudes to local government Convenient public transportation Build environment
Transport facilities in vicinity
Easy access to mixed-use Build environment
Availability of amenities in vicinity
Parks and sport facilities Local nature
Sports facilities in vicinity
Build environment
Access to culture and leisure facilities Satisfaction with local recreation
Build environment
Leisure facilities in vicinity
Sufficient numbers of libraries Cultural facilities in vicinity
Build environment
Beautifull city Build environment
Perceived beauty of city
Clean city Build environment
Street maintenance in vicinity
Feel safe walking around at night Secure (vs threatened)
Perceived safety in vicinity
Satisfaction with safety in vicinity
Problem of air pollution Local pollution
Build environment
Feel safe from danger of various accidents Perceived safety in vicinity Price of living in the city Costs of living in vicinity Feel safe drinking publicly provided tap water Satisfaction with water quality
Build environment
Good place to rear and care for children Build environment
Facilities for children
Good school Satisfaction with school-facilities
Schools in vicinity
Build environment
R square Summed socio-demographic + environment + social ties