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Studies

Lewis & Joseph (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1993

Publication

Author(s):
Lewis, C.A.; Joseph, S.
Title:
The Depression-Happiness Scale: A Measure of a State or Trait? Test-Retest Data over Two Years.
Source:
Psychological Reports, 1997, Vol. 81, 1313 - 1314

Investigation

Public:
Female university students, Northern Ireland, followed 2 years, 1993-1995
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 14
Non Response:
0
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 25 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A  I felt sad
B  I felt I had failed as a person
C  I felt dissatisfied with my life
D  I felt mentally alert
E  I felt disappointed with myself
F  I felt cheerful
G  I felt life wasn't worth living
H  I felt satisfied with my life
I   I felt healthy
J  I felt life crying
K  I felt I had been successful
L  I felt happy
M  I felt I couldn't make decisions
N  I felt unattractive
O  I felt optimistic about the future
P  I felt life was rewording
Q  I felt cheerless
R  I felt life has a purpose
S  I felt too tired to do anything
T  I felt pleased with the way I am
U  I felt lethargic
V  I found it easy to make decisions
W I felt life was enjoyable
X  I felt life was meaningless
Y  I felt run down

Answer options:
0  never
1  rarely
2  sometimes
3  often

Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C,  E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y.
Positive affect score   (PAS): D, F, H,  I,  K,  L, O, P, R, T, V, W.
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39

Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale'  (DHS)
Classification:
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Depression- Happiness Scale
Remarks:
As assessed at T2
T1: mean 51,1; SD: 10,7
Page in publication:
2
Error estimates:
Cronbach alpha .93
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 75 On range 0-10
Mean:
49.60
SD:
11.30

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Stability of happiness Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)